The Rise and Fall (and Rise) of Bread:
A 6,000 Year History
Eric Pallant / Allegheny College
History of Bread Timeline
For at least 6,000 years, people have summoned sourdough starter seemingly out of the air and combined it with milled wheat, water, and a dash of salt to produce The Staff of Life: Bread. In a 45-minute, 6,000-year journey through history, we will see why bread was the greatest invention of all time (NOT the slicer). Along the way, we will meet ancient Egyptian pyramid builders, bygone Roman bakers, medieval housewives, Gold Rush miners, and historical celebrities like Plato, Pliny the Elder, and Marie Antoinette.
History of Bread Facts
Then we will watch bread fall into deserved disrespect at the end of the twentieth century. Commercial yeast will displace sourdough as bread’s primary leavening agent, machines will replace hands as the tools of manufacture, and monetary efficiency will take the place of flavor as pale squidgy loaves march forth by the millions looking and tasting like they were made by a photocopier. Finally, we will consider the rise of a new artisanal bread culture and see how modern bakers are remaking our bread economy and repurposing our fundamental human connection with food.
Eric Pallant is the Christine Scott Nelson Endowed Professor of Environmental Science and Sustainability at ALLEGHENY COLLEGE. A two-time Fulbright Scholar, as well as a two-time award-winning professor for Excellence in Teaching, Professor Pallant has been featured on NPR and CNN, and in publications such as Foreign Policy and Science. A serious amateur baker, he is the author of SOURDOUGH CULTURE: THE HISTORY OF BREAD MAKING FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN BAKERS.
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