Saturday, April 13, 2019 9:30 am - 1:15 pm
Mark Mazullo / Macalester College
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) produced their music during a period of massive political, economic, and social transformation in Europe. Both composers were the sons of servants, court musicians whose livelihood, and that of their families, rested entirely on the benevolence and security of the closely-knit powers of church and state. Both composers struggled to find patronage, whether from the church or the nobility, throughout their careers, as the capitalist marketplace gradually replaced those structures as the driving force behind musical production. Mozart, who died only a couple of years after the storming of the Bastille in Paris, which marked the start of the French Revolution, sought in his music to portray aspects of modern, dynamic personhood. His operas explored themes of class and gender, and even race, and his instrumental music, though lacking words and descriptive titles, conjures unmistakably the image of a narrative protagonist whose life journey is marked by personal self-realization (the achieving of goals) and an equally strong current of interiority and self-reflection.
Beethoven, who was nineteen years old when the Revolution began–and who was completely swept up in its ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity–composed music that even more viscerally, and often disturbingly, brought the experiences and anxieties of the modern European citizen to the fore. His music pushed violently against conventions in order to provide audiences with exciting visions of personal and social triumph over adversity. In his late works, Beethoven ventured even further into uncharted expressive territory, producing a series of string quartets and piano sonatas whose unique musical language makes it some of the most intriguing music in the Western classical tradition.
Mark Mazullo is Professor of Music at Macalester College in St. Paul, MN, where he has been teaching piano and courses in music history for nearly twenty years. He is the author of the book “Shostakovich’s Preludes and Fugues: contexts, style, performance”. A pianist who appears frequently in solo, chamber, and concerto settings, he has performed concertos by Beethoven, Shostakovich, and Prokofiev with the Minnesota Philharmonic, the Civic Orchestra of Minneapolis, and the St. Paul Civic Symphony. The recipient of Macalester College’s 2009 Excellence in Teaching Award, Mazullo is known for his broad range of courses, including surveys of Western art music and the seminars Music and Freedom, Late Beethoven, and Musical Fictions.
Jennifer Keene / Chapman University
Can a photograph really change history or define an age? We live in an era dominated by Instagram and Photoshop, but curated images have shaped the way we understand the present and the past since the invention of photography. Our schooling imbues us with a mental slide show of iconic photographs, images that serve as short-cuts for understanding critical historical moments. But the camera was never just a passive observer of historical events. Instead generations of photographers wielded the camera as a weapon to shape public opinion; to initiate social change; to capture the essence of a pivotal moment. But who ultimately controls the meaning or significance of an image? The photographer, the viewer, or history?
This lecture explores the creation, diffusion, and reception of iconic images, stories that ultimately render these images even more meaningful. Jacob Riis, Lewis Hine, James VanDerZee, Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, Joe Rosenthal, Charles Moore, and Eddie Addams explored poverty, child labor, migration, civil liberties, war, and civil rights – shaping our vision of modern America.
Jennifer Keene is a professor of history and dean of the Wilkinson College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences at Chapman University. She has published several books and numerous articles on the American experience in the world wars, including “Doughboys, the Great War and the Remaking of America”, “World War I: The American Soldier Experience”, and “World War II: Core Documents”. She has received numerous awards for her scholarship, including Fulbright Senior Scholar Awards to France and Australia and Mellon Library of Congress Fellowship in International Studies. She has served as a historical consultant for exhibits and films, and was recently featured in the PBS documentary mini-series, “The Great War”.
William Burke-White / University of Pennsylvania
What does the international system of the future look like? Since the end of World War II, the answer has been an international order created by the United States and a coalition of likeminded states. That coalition has advanced a shared global vision rooted in economic liberalization, shared security commitments, and mutual values such as human rights. Today, however, disruptive forces are threatening the post-WWII international order. In a time of international crises ranging from Iran and North Korea to the health of the global economy, it is far from clear whether the international order as we know it can survive.
In the wake of World War II, the US and its allies constructed an international system that provided lasting stability and advanced their interests and values, including open economic flows, a US security guarantee, and core liberal values. Today, that system is under threat from 5 disruptive trends: 1) power shifts from the US to China and others, 2) the rise of populist nationalism around the world, 3) artificial intelligence and information transparency, 4) the rise of non-state actors, and 5) the threat of climate change. In light of these disruptive forces, can post-WWII order continue? Can liberal values survive? If not, what will global politics look like in the years ahead? This talk will conclude with three distinct visions of the global order that may emerge in the decades ahead. What might these different world orders mean for our economy, for our security, and for our values?
William Burke-White is the Richard Perry Professor and Inaugural Director of the Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania. He served in the Obama Administration from 2009-2011 on Secretary Clinton’s Policy Planning Staff. He was also principal drafter of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, Secretary Clinton’s hallmark foreign policy and institutional reform effort. Professor Burke-White has received the Levin Award and the Gorman award for Excellence in Teaching.