March 31st: Today In History!

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Four Memorable Musicals That Changed Broadway

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Sean Hartley / Kaufman Music Center, NYU

[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type=”normal” up=”10″ down=”10″][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”full_width” text_align=”left” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text]Hamilton made history not long ago by receiving a grand total of 16 nominations for Tony Awards – ultimately winning a total of 11, including Best Musical. The phenomenon is part of a long lineage of musical theater productions that capture the public’s attention and reflects the culture surrounding it. Broadway combines the thrill of live music with the compelling storytelling and drama of watching a movie or TV show and, when done with incredible care and sensitivity, the combination of the two can lead to something groundbreaking, and even transform society as we know it.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation=”” row_type=”row” use_row_as_full_screen_section=”no” type=”full_width” angled_section=”no” text_align=”center” background_image_as_pattern=”without_pattern” z_index=”” css=”.vc_custom_1586535643585{background-color: #000000 !important;}”][vc_column][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”grid” text_align=”center” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner offset=”vc_hidden-xs”][vc_raw_html]JTNDaWZyYW1lJTIwd2lkdGglM0QlMjI3MDAlMjIlMjBoZWlnaHQlM0QlMjI1MDAlMjIlMjBzcmMlM0QlMjJodHRwcyUzQSUyRiUyRnBsYXllcnMuYnJpZ2h0Y292ZS5uZXQlMkY2MTQ1NTQzOTI5MDAxJTJGUWZYOUNnM1ZMX2RlZmF1bHQlMkZpbmRleC5odG1sJTNGdmlkZW9JZCUzRDYxNTE3MDc0NDEwMDElMjIlMjBmcmFtZUJvcmRlciUzRCUyMjAlMjIlMjBzY3JvbGxpbmclM0QlMjJhdXRvJTIyJTIwYWxsb3dmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTNEJTIydHJ1ZSUyMiUyMGFsbG93JTNEJTIyYXV0b3BsYXklM0IlMjBmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTIyJTNFJTNDJTJGaWZyYW1lJTNF[/vc_raw_html][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”full_width” text_align=”center” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner offset=”vc_hidden-lg vc_hidden-md vc_hidden-sm”][vc_raw_html]JTNDaWZyYW1lJTIwd2lkdGglM0QlMjIxMDAlMjUlMjIlMjBoZWlnaHQlM0QlMjIzMzUlMjIlMjBzcmMlM0QlMjJodHRwcyUzQSUyRiUyRnBsYXllcnMuYnJpZ2h0Y292ZS5uZXQlMkY2MTQ1NTQzOTI5MDAxJTJGUWZYOUNnM1ZMX2RlZmF1bHQlMkZpbmRleC5odG1sJTNGdmlkZW9JZCUzRDYxNTAzMzkwOTUwMDElMjJhdXRvJTIyJTIwYWxsb3dmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTNEJTIydHJ1ZSUyMiUyMGFsbG93JTNEJTIyYXV0b3BsYXklM0IlMjBmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTIyJTNFJTNDJTJGaWZyYW1lJTNF[/vc_raw_html][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation=”” row_type=”row” use_row_as_full_screen_section=”no” type=”grid” angled_section=”no” text_align=”left” background_image_as_pattern=”without_pattern” css=”.vc_custom_1584654606725{padding-top: 20px !important;padding-bottom: 20px !important;}” z_index=””][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]

Women of the American Revolution: Remarkable Stories You’ve Never Heard

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Carol Berkin / Baruch College

[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type=”normal” up=”10″ down=”10″][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”full_width” text_align=”left” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text]This talk puts to rest another of the remarkable myths of the American Revolution: that it was an all male affair. An 8 year home front war and American women didn’t notice it? In fact, the politicization of women in the 1760s and 1770s is one of the most striking consequences of the rebellion against British rule.

Women made the boycotts of British imports work. They picketed merchants who dared to sell British cloth and tea. They produced homespun or “Liberty cloth” as they called it — willingly engaging in the single most boring task known to colonial America. Women wrote propaganda, from plays to poetry; they signed petitions — not as Mrs. so-and-so, but with their own names, a fact that horrified conservative colonists everywhere, and may have even laid the earliest foundation for the 19th Amendment over a century later.

Valley Forge, Monmouth, etc. were not all male sites. Women and children flocked to the army each winter and transformed army camps into instant cities. Here they did the nursing, the cooking and the washing. Women served as spies, as couriers, and as soldiers. And, thus for the first time schools were created for females. And, as we all know, education is a dangerous thing. It was the next generation who demanded equality.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation=”” row_type=”row” use_row_as_full_screen_section=”no” type=”full_width” angled_section=”no” text_align=”center” background_image_as_pattern=”without_pattern” z_index=”” css=”.vc_custom_1586535643585{background-color: #000000 !important;}”][vc_column][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”grid” text_align=”center” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner offset=”vc_hidden-xs”][vc_raw_html]JTNDaWZyYW1lJTIwd2lkdGglM0QlMjI3MDAlMjIlMjBoZWlnaHQlM0QlMjI1MDAlMjIlMjBzcmMlM0QlMjJodHRwcyUzQSUyRiUyRnBsYXllcnMuYnJpZ2h0Y292ZS5uZXQlMkY2MTQ1NTQzOTI5MDAxJTJGUWZYOUNnM1ZMX2RlZmF1bHQlMkZpbmRleC5odG1sJTNGdmlkZW9JZCUzRDYxNTE2MzQyODUwMDElMjIlMjBmcmFtZUJvcmRlciUzRCUyMjAlMjIlMjBzY3JvbGxpbmclM0QlMjJhdXRvJTIyJTIwYWxsb3dmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTNEJTIydHJ1ZSUyMiUyMGFsbG93JTNEJTIyYXV0b3BsYXklM0IlMjBmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTIyJTNFJTNDJTJGaWZyYW1lJTNF[/vc_raw_html][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”full_width” text_align=”center” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner offset=”vc_hidden-lg vc_hidden-md vc_hidden-sm”][vc_raw_html]JTNDaWZyYW1lJTIwd2lkdGglM0QlMjIxMDAlMjUlMjIlMjBoZWlnaHQlM0QlMjIzMzUlMjIlMjBzcmMlM0QlMjJodHRwcyUzQSUyRiUyRnBsYXllcnMuYnJpZ2h0Y292ZS5uZXQlMkY2MTQ1NTQzOTI5MDAxJTJGUWZYOUNnM1ZMX2RlZmF1bHQlMkZpbmRleC5odG1sJTNGdmlkZW9JZCUzRDYxNTAzMzkwOTUwMDElMjJhdXRvJTIyJTIwYWxsb3dmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTNEJTIydHJ1ZSUyMiUyMGFsbG93JTNEJTIyYXV0b3BsYXklM0IlMjBmdWxsc2NyZWVuJTIyJTNFJTNDJTJGaWZyYW1lJTNF[/vc_raw_html][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row css_animation=”” row_type=”row” use_row_as_full_screen_section=”no” type=”grid” angled_section=”no” text_align=”left” background_image_as_pattern=”without_pattern” css=”.vc_custom_1584654606725{padding-top: 20px !important;padding-bottom: 20px !important;}” z_index=””][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]

The Political Genius of FDR and LBJ

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Michael Sparer / Columbia University

[/vc_column_text][vc_separator type=”normal” up=”10″ down=”10″][vc_row_inner row_type=”row” type=”full_width” text_align=”left” css_animation=””][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text]At first look, the differences between President Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) and President Lyndon Johnson (LBJ) seem to vastly exceed the similarities. FDR was the son of wealthy New York aristocrats, who went to Harvard and Columbia Law; LBJ was from a poor rural Texas family and graduated from Southwest Texas State Teacher’s College. Roosevelt was a former Governor who went on to be elected to four terms; Johnson was a former Senator who decided against running for a second full term. Finally, Roosevelt led the nation through one of its greatest military victories, while Johnson left office in disgrace in the midst of the country’s greatest military failure.

Despite these vast differences, both Roosevelt and Johnson were political geniuses, perhaps the two most effective Presidential legislators in the nation’s history. Roosevelt took office during the midst of a national crisis (the depression) and convinced the nation to support an expanded role for the federal government and a “New Deal” for all Americans. Johnson also took office during the midst of a national crisis (the Kennedy assassination) and he too calmed the nation and led the federal effort to create a “Great Society” for all. Both understood better than any of their peers how Presidents need to move quickly on their important priorities, to negotiate with and manage Congress, and to rely on federal power to improve the fortunes of the poor and less fortunate. Given their shared political genius, why did one succeed and the other largely fail? That is the question this lecture examines![/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″][/vc_column][vc_column][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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