James Webb Space Telescope: A New Window to the Cosmos

David Helfand
David Helfand
Columbia University

David Helfand has been a Professor of Astronomy at Columbia University for 42 years, where he served as chair of the Department for nearly half that time. He is also the former President of the American Astronomical Society and of Quest University Canada, and currently serves as Chair of the American Institute of Physics. Professor Helfand has received the Columbia Presidential Teaching Award and the Great Teacher Award from the Society of Columbia Graduates. He is the author of A Survival Guide to the Misinformation Age.

 

Overview

June 6, 2022, 4:00 pm

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In April of 1990 the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, providing new views of the Universe that have riveted us for a third of a century. But Hubble’s eyes, while vastly larger and unobscured by the atmosphere, are pretty much like our own — limited to just over a single octave of cosmic radiation. Last Christmas morning, we began opening a new window on the Universe with the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope. By far the most complex device ever placed in space, Webb will allow us to see how the first stars and galaxies emerged from the Dark Ages of the early Universe, and to assay the atmospheres of planets beyond our solar system in a search for extraterrestrial life.

 

Recommended Reading:

Lonely Hearts of the Cosmos: The Story of the Scientific Quest for the Secret of the Universe, by Dennis Overbye

Exoplanets: Hidden Worlds and the Quest for Extraterrestrial Life, by Donald Goldsmith

The mission website: https://www.jwst.nasa.gov

 

Discussion Questions:

  1. What is the appropriate balance between ambition and risk in designing a multi-billion-dollar space mission? What about if, unlike the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), it involved astronauts?
  2. What do you think the likelihood is that there is life beyond Earth in the Universe? Do you expect JWST to find evidence for life?
  3. How did black holes with a mass of a billion Suns emerge so early in the Universe? Were their seeds formed in the Big Bang, or did they just grow quickly during the Dark Ages?
  4. How soon after the Big Bang will JWST see the most distant object it detects?

 

 

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